Questa divergenza di due fi- siecle, Mediaeval Studies 11 , ; German translation reprinted nalitil. Se veramente si intende aprire una finestra verso la sociologia, questa Frenzel, Herbert, La proposta di E.
Frenzel characterizes What particularly interests Fren- who wrote without specific reference either to Latin or to the various zel is Curtius' attitude toward sociology, and Frenzel observes a con- Romance literatures fall outside of Curtius' definition of literature. Laistner, M. Second, Friedrich finds that Curtius' treatment of topoi in While characterizing ELLMA as a masterpiece, Laistner takes issue terms of their chronological recurrence or persistence Beharren with Curtius on several important points dealing with the history of rather than with regard to their evolution Verwandlung cannot ac- rhetoric: first, Curtius ignores Isocrates; second, Curtius presupposes count for cases of literary 'creativity'.
Laistner's criticism Hocke and a student of Jaspers to explain and to comment upon the of Curtius' treatment of Cicero's reception during the 10th and 11th Curtius-Jaspers dispute over the value of Goethe for postwar Ger- centuries is of particular importance for evaluating Curtius' attacks many.
Eliot for having criticized Marouzeau, J. Hocke observed: latines , Goethe ist fiir Curtius Was Curtius also zur Schiirfe veranlaBte, ist die Sorge, is valuable for stimulating further study. Maurer, Friedrich, Das ritterliche Tugendsystem, Deutsche Vierteljahrs- wir es ruhig, verhiingt werden wiirde. While admitting that Curtius was correct in pointing out faults in Ehrismann's theory of a system of chivalric virtues, Maurer argues on Such den ist.
Jung in his formulation of a morphology of lit- witha of Gandersheim. Milch, Werner, Goethe, Curtius, Jaspers und die Offentlichkeit, Archiv composition - rather than at regurgitating the history of rhetoric. Jaspers, in his existen- Rostagni, A. Curtius' point of departure is Goethe himself: for Curtius, philology despite Curtius' protests to the contrary. Rostagni denies contemporary readers of Goethe should not insist on the primacy of that the study of modern literatures has anything new to teach classi- their concerns but seek instead to understand Goethe on his own cal philology since the former depends on the latter for its methodol- tenns.
Milch defines this difference as that between normative philo- ogy.
Rostagni faults Curtius for having interpreted to be considered. Isidore of Seville's poetics as original when in fact Isidore was borrowing from Suetonius' De poetis. Curtius, it will be recalled, contested Cicero's Goethe dangerous when it means that any depreciation of Goethe ever having postulated an ethical triad of summum bonum, honestum can be construed as an attack on the German nation itself. Goethe and utile. Spitzer warns German scholars against over-identification These two weaknesses Philology 70 , This last remark stands in siitze zur romanischen Philologie, Berne, , Auer- France toward Rome.
Spitzer takes particular exception to Curtius' chapter misleading because Jerome's attitude toward learning stemmed from on Dante, noting traces of George's influence on Curtius here. Spit- his radical ascesis rather than from his Latin education. Jerome's 'un- zer complains that Curtius neglects the works of German emigre Ro- classical' Latin style only underscores this. On the other hand, Ber- mance scholars, a reproach which overlooks Curtius' explicit apology nard of Clairvaux, despite his hostility to rhetorical education, excels in his Foreword that most foreign scholarship from to - many of his most famous models.
Auerbach also chides Curtius for that is, during the time when the entire essays were written which his faulty handling of the conflict between Scholasticism and poetic later were collected in ELLMA - was simply not accessible to him in creativity in Dante. Benn posits that most literary to be Curtius' successful refutation of Ehrismann's system of chivalric scholarship lacks a fundamental method and therefore borrows meth- virtues. He argues first that medieval theoreticians of chivalric educa- ods from other disciplines.
As a result literary scholarship fails to tion such as Thomasin von Zerclaere and Hugo von Trimberg lacked account for stylistic, thematic, linguistic, syntactical or metaphorical any 'systematic' approach to the question of chivalric values; second, interrelationships and contexts.
ELLMA alone, Benn observes, studies that medieval German poets did not borrow their concepts of chival- literary expression over time as aesthetic forms and is therefore able ric virtues from Antiquity because Christianity exerted far greater in- to demonstrate the potential and actualized modes of literary style fluence than Cicero; and third, that the reality of chivalric life what Benn calls Genotypus and Phiinotypus and to account for demanded a general theory of chivalry but not a system.
Bezzola, Reto R. Curtius sition among his colleagues: - et ils ne manqueront pas - se bornent ii. L'insistenza sulla continuit3.
Croce argues that Curtius is misled in ELLMA by his own critical ab- Kuhn's review of ELLMA concentrates largely on the ramifications of stractions and, in his confusion over the relation of history to crit- Curtius' notion of European unity based on medieval Latin rhetoric. For Croce, ELLMA consists simply of a series of ex- reception of rhetoric presupposes from the start the very unity it cursuses which have been strung together. Croce objects in particular seeks to prove.
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The 'Rome' which serves as Curtius' standard of unity to Curtius' treatment of the differences between poetry and prose. Curtius' application of topology, under- dieval curriculum are similarly oversimplified. Kuhn criticizes Cur- stood either as the continuity of classical rhetoric or as the recurrence tius' shortcomings in ELLMA to confront medieval German literature.
Kuhn suggests that art historical investiga- tion can lead to an appreciation of the kinds of structures which Cur- Curtius' notion of rhetorical tradition leads 5, no. Maurer, Friedrich, Zurn ritterlichen 'Tugendsystem', Deutsche Viertel- worth of philology, particularly in answer to critics from Dilthey's jahrsschrift 24 , ; reprinted in Eifler ed. Panzer offers a brief digest of ELLMA which stresses the Romanist E siccome il Curtius non risparmia le sue punte al Croce, al Burdach, al Jaeger, character of Curtius' analysis and describes the intellectual climate in al tomismo, al marxismo o all'esistenzialismo, ci saremmo aspettati anche una maggiore riserva di fronte alle teorie meno accertate della psicoanalisi o di which the book was written.
In particular he applauds Curtius for his Toynbee. At the same time Panzer holds that tinguishes between Classicism and Mannerism and argues that Curtius underestimated the European ramifications of medieval Ger- spontaneity in literary creation cannot be accounted for by topology. Vernet, A.
Pisani, V. Latin models served as influential sources for subsequent European writers; second, he illustrates topological parallels between Sanskrit Preaux, J.
This extensive carefully summarizes ELLMA, noting its indebtedness In this short review Rohlfs praises Curtius for being the first Ro- to previous scholarship in the field of medieval Latin, most im- manist since Grober to bridge successfully two disciplines, medieval portantly Eduard Norden Die antike Kunstprosa , Edmond Fara!
French and medieval Latin, and for making the subject come alive. Les arts poetiques du XII' siecle , and F. Zumthor points to a number of While non-Ro- Writing as a Germanist, Schirokauer argues that an anti-historical mance cultures were 'Romanized', their absorption into the Ro- view of history informs ELLMA and that topology is the offspring of mance world was accompanied by the enrichment of classical culture anti-Romantic source studies i. Zumthor considers Curtius' mental to a proper historical understanding of European culture.
Lyric poetry presents numerous topoi borrowed to studies on the problem of Ciceronian influence on the formulation not from the medieval Latin tradition but from Islam, such as the of chivalric codes by Friedrich Mauer and Hans Naumann. Sulger vernacular versification. Eliot, the first from , the second , Eliot, de , complemented with studies of dialectica and musica.
Veio, porem, acrescer uma consc1enc1a nova, que se expnme no segundo ensaio, de , na apreciai;ao do rigorismo critico do mesmo T. Eliot, suscetivel de degenerar num negativismo esteril, e de abalar a sua pr6pria autoridade. Alonso, Damaso, Un aspecto de! Alonso raises a number of serious objections to Curtius' exposition of Beumann, Helmut, Topos und Gedankengefii.
Latin tradition. Latin literature. Carteggio Croce-Vossler, ed.
Somewhat schadenfroh, VoBler por Curtius - seria un inventario de los manierismos italianos; idesde antes de gloats that Curtius overlooked Croce's essay on Balzac. S61o asi sabrfamos exactamente que fue, en poesia, el Renacimiento italiano, see entry no. Battistessa, Angel J. Cavelti paraphrase rather than a critical evaluation of Curtius' discussion, sketches out the major feature of Curtius' approach in his essays, and seeming to accept readily the continuity of Latinity in Spain. Sur eine grundlegend neue Betrachtungsart fur die Deutung der bisher allzu isoliert Lima 16 , Es ist somit, vielleicht nicht cydides, Saint Augustine, Hegel, Spengler and Toynbee - all consti- ohne Absicht, auch ein politisches Buch geworden.
He emphasizes how Cur- tius strives to transcend narrow national literatures and considers the Kohler briefly criticizes Curtius' dismissal of modern literary studies. Faral's review is particularly interesting in light of Curtius' debt to Fa- Lida de Malkiel, Marfa Rosa, Perduraci6n de la literatura antigua en ral's own earlier rhetorical studies. Curtius tranche sur celle de ses devanciers.
Curtius omits any mention of Arabic influence on the Cur- zeitung 72 , The re- a permanent feature of the European literary landscape starting with mainder of the review is devoted to applying Curtius' remarks on the Menippean satire, and evident in the mixture of tragic and comic in survival of classical rhetoric to Provern;al literature, a subject which Shakespeare or in siglo de oro drama. Provern;al lyric, von Jan notes, was cul- cultural backwardness of Spain; as counter-examples, Lida de Mal- tivated at the court of the vice-count of Marseilles Barra!
Similarly, he Thomism, and Alfonso de la Torre. Curtius, moreover, ignores Hel- adds, modern Provern;al literature reveals a profound consciousness lenistic Judaism, an especially significant phenomenon for under- of the Greco-Roman literary tradition, evidenced, for example, in standing syncretism in Antiquity, as, e.
Curtius fails to discuss the Bible in treating the unity of roumieu. European culture. Lida de Malkiel reproaches Curtius for an exces- She finds that the de- and inconsistent with his own treatment of Mannerism in Spanish valuation of the individual author and the exaltation of topology re- literature. She examines several examples where Curtius' topological procedure is misleading. For example, she Ludwig Wolff, Tiibingen, , ; re- Chinese texts, among others. This topos represents for Curtius an im- pnnted m Eifler ed.