The bile constitution People with a bile constitution have medium sized body parts, sensory organs, and a stable mind.
Their skin is yellow or red. They digest fast and are easily thirsty. Their body produces bad smells, sweats and naturally high temperature. They have a sharp memory, an active and strong ego, and although they are internally insecure, they act in a formal and diplomatic way.
They often have problems related to bile, liver, gall bladder and small intestine. They also suffer frome headaches, cervical pain and high blood pressure, heaviness of the head and body, loss of appetite, vomit, nausea, pain during digestion, dizziness, unclear eyesight, bitter taste in the mouth, yellow film on the tongue, burning sensation, pain at te chest and back, difficult breathing and they have a tendency to infection and inflammation.
Their favorite food is sweet, bitter, astringent and cool. The phlegm constitution The phlegm constitution naturally produces a large body which gradually curves their back when getting older.
The skin is white, moist and smooth. Phlegm constitution people easily put on weight and their hands and fingers have a beautiful shape and color. Their body temperature is low and digestion is slow. They have little hunger and thirst, great patience to difficulties and possess a good heart. Their sleep is heavy and they are great thinkers. They have a slow, profound and melancholic mind. They often raise complaints about their kidney, bladder, stomach or spleen, and have a tendency for obesity, water retention and poor digestion.
They also suffer from heaviness, loss of appetite in the morning and malaise of the stomach, heartburn, reflux of sour liquids, difficult digestion, continuous empty eructation, little thirst, loss of sense of taste, sticky mouth, diahorrea and vomit, little bodily heat, and abdominal swelling.
Their favorite food is hot, sour, astringent and with rough potency. Wind and bile mixed constitution bears the combined characteristics and natures of both humors. When the wind is combined with the cold bile nature, feet, hands and nose are generally cold and women suffer from pre-menstrual pain. When the combination is with the hot bile, the heat goes to the head, face, neck and hair.
This mixed constitution usually bears fear and anxiety. Wind and phlegm constitution bears the combined characteristics of the two humors and people especially suffer from severe mental confusion. Their bodies produce cold sweat and have a tendency for obesity. Bile and phlegm constitution also bears the combined characteristics of the two humors.
Tibetan Therapeutics: an overview of Tibetan therapeutics, including diet, behavior, pharmacology, and other related topics. The following basic texts are recommended for the introductory study of this topic:.
Barry Clark, trans. Dorje and Meyer, eds.
Abrams, , Volume 1. In the Liver Disorders video sub-series, two liver specialists discuss their work, and doctors examine patients being treated in the Department of Liver Disorders in the hospital. Dharamsala: Amnye Machen Institute. Ortner, Sherry. Paljor, Kunsang.
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Xizang changyong zhong caoyao Chinese herbal medicines common in Tibet. Lhasa: Xizang Renmin Chubanshe. Rechung, Rinpoche. Tibetan Medicine: Illustrated in Original Texts. London: Wellcome Institute of the History of Medicine.
Reichle, Franz. Das Wissen vom Heilen. Documentary film, 93 minutes.
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Sabernig, Katharina. Vienna: LIT Verlag. Samuel, Geoffrey. Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point. Introducing Tibetan Buddhism. New York: Routledge. Dharamsala: Bod gzhung sman rtsi khang. Translated by Gavin Kilty. Saxer, Martin Saxer, Martin. Manufacturing Good Practices for Tibetan Medicine. Schaeffer, Kurtis R. Scheid, Volker. Currents of Tradition in Chinese Medicine, — Seattle: Eastland Press.
Schneider, Nicola. Nanterre: Presses Universitaires de Paris Ouest. Schrempf, Mona.
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