They cannot jump, hop, or fly. The main way head lice spread is from close, prolonged head-to-head contact.
Email us at insiderpicks businessinsider. Abuse: Worried about a child? Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: MLA Villines, Zawn. Tea-tree oil is a popular remedy for treating head lice, and there are range of products available and registered for use in Australia. Photo: Shutterstock. Such treatments may waste time, money and effort, or may even harm the person being treated.
There is a very small chance that head lice will spread by sharing items such as combs, brushes, and hats. Itching on the areas where head lice are present is the most common symptom. However, it may take up to 4 to 6 weeks after lice get on the scalp before the scalp becomes sensitive to the lice saliva and begins to itch. Most of the itching happens behind the ears or at the back of the neck. Also, itching caused by head lice can last for weeks, even after the lice are gone. Regular checks for head lice are a good way to spot head lice before they have time to multiply and infest are present in large numbers your child's head.
Nits will look like small white or yellow-brown specks and be firmly attached to the hair near the scalp. The easiest place to find them is at the hairline at the back of the neck or behind the ears. Nits can be confused with many other things such as dandruff, dirt particles, or hair spray droplets. The way to tell the difference is that nits are firmly attached to hair, while dandruff, dirt, or other particles are not.
The comb-out method can be used to help check for nits and head lice or to help remove nits and head lice after head lice treatment. However, the comb-out method usually doesn't work on its own to get rid of head lice. Examine the scalp, comb, and paper towel carefully. Check with your child's doctor before beginning any head lice treatment.
The most effective way to treat head lice is with head lice medicine. After each treatment, using the comb-out method every 2 to 3 days for 2 to 3 weeks may help remove the nits and eggs. Head lice medicine should be used only when it is certain that your child has living head lice. Remember, check with your child's doctor before starting any head lice medicine. Also, when head lice medicines are used, it is important to use them safely. Do not use medicine on a child 2 years or younger without first checking with your child's doctor. Do not use or apply medicine to children if you are pregnant or breastfeeding without first checking with your doctor.
Always rinse the medicine off over a sink and not during a shower or bath, so the medicine doesn't run off the head onto other areas of skin. Place your child's head over a sink and rinse the medicine off with warm water not hot water. Check with your child's doctor before beginning a second or third treatment. Your child may need repeat treatment 7 to 9 or 9 to 10 days after the first treatment depending on the medicine. Ask your child's doctor if you have any questions or if treatments you have tried have not gotten rid of lice.
Also, do not use home remedies, such as petroleum jelly, mayonnaise, tub margarine, herbal oils, or olive oil, because no studies prove they work. Check with your child's doctor before beginning any treatment. You may want to wash your child's clothes, towels, hats, and bed linens in hot water and dry on high heat if they were used within 2 days before head lice were found and treated.
You do not need to throw these items away. Items that cannot be washed may be dry-cleaned or sealed in a plastic bag for 2 weeks. Do not spray pesticides in your home. They can expose your family to dangerous chemicals and are not needed when you treat your child's scalp and hair properly. The American Academy of Pediatrics and National Association of School Nurses discourage such policies and believe a child should not miss or be excluded from school because of head lice. Head lice don't put your child at risk for any serious health problems.
Products should be used only if those products are safe. If your child has head lice, work quickly but safely to treat your child to prevent the head lice from spreading.
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Head lice: Frequently asked questions FAQs. Head lice: Overview. How to check for lice? Head lice: Treatment. MLA Villines, Zawn. MediLexicon, Intl. APA Villines, Z. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media.
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Get rid of Head lice once and for ALL - What you need to know to get rid of them and keep lice away from your home. OK, if you know that there's lice to get rid of and you want to wet-comb it out, it's time to buy a good nit comb. This will not be one that you find in.
Message sent successfully The details of this article have been emailed on your behalf. Table of contents Confirm it is lice Understand the process Use a delousing shampoo Repeat treatment Remove nits with a comb Clean sources of contagion Keep children home. What can I do about head lice?
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