Review this Product. Write your message below to post a review: Rating:. Ask a Question About this Product More Ask a question. Look for similar items by category.
People also searched for. Sheila Godfrey Books. Sheila Godfrey. How Fishpond Works.
Fishpond works with suppliers all over the world to bring you a huge selection of products, really great prices, and delivery included on over 25 million products that we sell. We do our best every day to make Fishpond an awesome place for customers to shop and get what they want — all at the best prices online. About Fishpond.
It's easy to get started - we will give you example code. After you're set-up, your website can earn you money while you work, play or even sleep! You should start right now! Name and describe the layers of the dermis.
Name and describe the functions of the skin. List the structures contained within the dermis. Explain the difference between an eccrine gland and an apocrine gland. List the substances that affect the colour of the skin. What is a keloid? State the differences in structure between black skin and white skin.
What causes hyperpigmentation in Asian skin? Give the location and function of the sebaceous glands.
What is the normal pH of the skin? State the importance of the correct pH balance.
The skin is the largest organ of the body and in many instances reflects the health of the individual. The electrolysist should therefore: 1 2 3 4 5 be able to recognize the different skin lesions; be able to identify the most common skin diseases; know the causes of these diseases; be able to recognize when a disease is contra-indicated to electro-epilation; know when to refer the client for further investigation by the medical profession. Many clients expect the electrolysist to be the font of all knowledge when it comes to recognizing skin disorders and diseases.
The same clients also expect an instant remedy, which is not always possible. It is essential that the electrolysist should be aware of when to treat and when to refer on to the medical profession when a client appears in the treatment room with a skin disease. Rosacea appears on the cheeks and nose in a butterfly pattern. The types of lesions present, such as milia, comedones, silvery scales, pustules, papules to name but a few. Size, shape, outline and border: e. Is the surface smooth or rough? Is the border well defined or indistinct?
Many skin conditions present similar lesions.
Thorough examination in a good light is essential, as is careful questioning, which should include family background. In a number of instances accurate diagnosis is not possible without referral to the medical profession for further investigation.
Guttate psoriasis and pityriasis rosea show many similarities and can easily be confused. In the early stages of pityriasis rosea the herald patch may be mistaken for ringworm at the initial inspection. Androgens cause the skin to become oily. Steroid creams used over a prolonged period of time may result in thinning of the skin structures. Environment: poor hygiene, exposure to ultraviolet light, humidity which affects pH balance, and central heating which may cause excessive dryness.
Genetic predisposition: e. Nutritional deficiencies resulting in lack of essential vitamins and minerals: e. Stress over a prolonged period of time also has a detrimental effect on the skin; fine lines or dehydration may develop. Excess sebum may be produced due to increased levels of androgens, which in turn may also trigger increased hair growth. Common skin lesions Skin lesions show alterations in the appearance of the skin. Depending on the severity, lesions are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary.
The terms used to describe changes in the skin are shown in Table 2. Erythema: general redness of the skin due to temporary or permanent vasodilatation. Hyperpigmentation: describes an excess or increase in skin pigmentation, e. Hypopigmentation: describes loss of pigmentation, e. Bacterial infection. Viral infection. Fungal infection.
Exposure to allergens. Pigmentation abnormalities. Hormonal influences. Stress related. Light-induced or photosensitive. Boils are caused by a staphylococcal infection of the hair follicle.
The area becomes red, swollen and painful. Heat and oedema are present. After a short period of time the centre fills with pus and eventually bursts. A scar frequently develops after the boil has healed. Common sites for the development of boils are the axilla, the back of the neck, the buttocks and thighs. Their appearance is a sign of lower resistance to infection due to being tired and run down. Dermatology Table 2. This lesion is a collection of sebum, keratinized cells and certain waste substances that accumulate in the entrance of the hair follicle.
Closed comedones do have a small opening on the surface of the skin Milia Small accumulation of fatty substances under the skin, often seen around the eyes and on the cheeks of dry skin Ulcer A loss of epidermis frequently with loss of underlying dermis and subcutis. Skin tissue may be smooth and shiny or form a depression in the surface, e. Erythrasma Erythrasma is a bacterial infection produced by a Gram-positive bacillus, Corynebacterium inutissimum. Common sites for the development of erythrasma are the axilla, groin and sub-mammary regions, but the commonest site colonized by these bacteria is in between the toes.
The characteristics of erythrasma are the appearance of marginated brown areas with a fine, branny surface scale. Symptoms can be aggravated by increased temperature, perspiration and scratching of the area due to irritation. Impetigo Impetigo is a superficial, contagious, inflammatory disease caused by streptococcal and staphylococcal bacteria. It is commonly seen on the face and around the ears. Weeping vesicles dry to form honey-coloured crusts.
The bacteria can be transmitted by dirty fingernails and towels. Impetigo may also arise as a secondary infection from an existing condition such as scabies. Folliculitis Folliculitis is characterised by pustules and inflammation, arising in and around the upper part of the hair follicle, as a result of staphylococcal infection. Folliculitis is to be found in hairy areas, in particular the male beard, which is often aggravated by shaving.